U.S. Anti-Doping Agency (USADA)

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Results Management

USADA is responsible for the results management and adjudication process for athletes in U.S. Olympic, Paralympic, Pan American, and Parapan American Sport, providing important independence and removing any potential conflicts of interest from the USOPC and sport national governing bodies. USADA communicates with athletes regarding test results and manages any potential anti-doping rule violations. The results management process is designed to protect the rights of clean athletes, preserve the integrity of competition, and hold accountable those athletes looking to cheat through the use of dangerous, performance-enhancing drugs, while ensuring only those athletes who have committed anti-doping rule violations (ADRV) face sanctions. USADA works to achieve a transparent and fair results management and adjudication process in accordance with the established rules, including Congressional Statutes, such as the Ted Stevens Olympic and Amateur Sports Act, the World Anti-Doping Code, and the USOPC National Anti-Doping Policy which are agreed upon by the USOPC Athletes’ Advisory Council.

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A list of sanctions with a gavel and copy of the World Anti-Doping Code.


Individual Athlete Test History

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Arbitration Decisions

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Prohibited Association

World Anti-Doping Code International Standards Results Management.

WADA'S International Standard of Results Management

in Sport

USPS Cycling Team Investigation Reasoned Decision

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JEFF COOK, USADA General Counsel:

Clean sport is vital to everything we do here at USADA. Every athlete has the right to compete in sport free of the influence of performance-enhancing drugs. Unfortunately, there are people out there who will use performance-enhancing substances to gain an unfair advantage that they couldn’t obtain through training alone. And so, at USADA we diligently investigate and pursue evidence of anti-doping rule violations. And results management is the name that we give to the procedures that ensure a fair and just process for athletes who are alleged to have committed an anti-doping rule violation. It’s how we go from a positive test, or other evidence of an anti-doping rule violation, to an announcement or other resolution of the case. Our goal is to efficiently and effectively handle cases, and this process allows for athletes, or athlete support personnel, to make their arguments and present their evidence. Athletes can provide information to USADA that explains how they tested positive at any time. And USADA will use that information to then assess how to resolve their case in a proportional way. There are many ways in which the Code allows for USADA to have flexibility in determining the fair and proportional sanction. And we often look at the athlete’s degree of fault when assessing what sanction to propose to resolve the case. Transparency of the process and deterrence are key aspects of the results management process, and publicly announcing sanctions is vital to the deterrence element. When athletes see that their fellow competitors are being sanctioned and that there is testing going on at all levels of competition, they will think twice about using performance-enhancing substances that are prohibited. Our goal is to fairly and effectively resolve the cases, respecting the rights of those who’ve been charged, while also respecting the rights of athletes who are entitled to compete in sport free of any influence of performance-enhancing drugs.